Elements in Animals and Humans

Animals and humans have similar evolutionary backgrounds. Specific elements play critical roles in the structures of proteins and the activities of enzymes. The purpose of this page is to outline some of the uses of elements in the structure of animals and humans and to illustrate why these elements are essential in the body and for optimal health.

Macro Elements

Micro Elements

Other Elements

Rats have been shown to have improved growth on diets which contain other micro nutrients. These include:

These elements are all toxic at high levels.


Understanding Nutrition by Whitney & Rolfes